What You Need to Know about Mood Disorder Treatment
Mental health is just as important as physical health, which is why it is important to get the proper mood disorder treatment as soon as possible.
Everyone experiences ‘highs’ and ‘lows’ in life, and it is completely normal to do so. However, approximately 10% of the population is affected by mood disorders in which they feel these highs and lows with greater intensity and for longer periods of time.
When it is described as such, it might not seem too bad. But for those affected, these extreme feelings can have serious negative impacts on their lives. Mood disorders are essentially caused by an imbalance or deficiency in neurotransmitters and depending on the balance (or lack thereof) this causes various different disorders in the brain.
Types of Mood Disorders
Major depression is the most common mood disorder. When a person suffers from depression, they experience prolonged periods of sadness and loss of interest resulting in low self-esteem and lack of enthusiasm for life in general. For many, this type of depression sets in without any warnings or without being spurred by specific events and can negatively impact personal relationships and employment among other things. Without proper mood disorder treatment, depression will often spiral out of control becoming a major health threat.
Often referred to as minor depression, or depressive symptoms, this mood disorder has similar symptoms to that of major depression, just not as intense. Unlike major depression disorder, with dysthymia the cause of depression can often be identified. Causes can include chronic stress, fluctuating hormones and unresolved, painful life events among others. Left untreated dysthymia can grow into major depression.
A manic episode is characterised by a period of 1 week or more where the affected person is behaving in a notably uncharacteristic way. They may have an elevated or unusually irritable mood, and show persistent goal-directed activity. In order to be a manic episode, at least three of the following symptoms must not be a result of substance abuse, but rather appear on their own:
- Increased self-esteem
- Decrease in sleep — during a manic episode one may feel rested after only a couple hours of sleep
- Talking more than usual
- Racing thoughts and/or ideas
- Irrelevant items draw unnecessary attention easily
- Increase in goal-directed activity
- Excessive involvement with pleasurable activities (spending spree, increase in sexual activity, foolish investments, etc.)
When a person experiences these episodes on a regular basis, they are usually diagnosed with a type of bipolar disorder.
Bipolar Mood Disorder
Sudden shifts in mood, energy and activity levels caused by bipolar disorder can make it difficult for the affected person to carry out day-to-day tasks. Those affected will experience severe manic episodes and may or may not experience periods of depression as well. Bipolar mood disorder symptoms include many behavioural changes which can be seen in full on the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) website.
Bipolar disorder can be very dangerous, as it causes the affected person to act irrationally and dangerously during the ‘highs’, and they can get severely depressed and suicidal when in the ‘lows’. Mood disorder treatment is needed in order to gain stability back in their lives.
Substance-Induced Mood Disorder
It is incredibly common for those with untreated mood disorders to turn to substance abuse as a method of coping with their feelings. In turn, the substance abuse intensifies and worsens the symptoms. It is important for those affected by any of the above disorders to seek professional help instead of attempting to self-medicate with drugs and alcohol.
Causes of Mood Disorders
As stated above, mood disorders are largely due to imbalanced neurotransmitters in the brain. But symptoms can be triggered by events such as dramatic changes in life circumstances, stress or real or perceived feelings of loss.
Research has shown that mood disorders can be hereditary or passed down through genes. In cases where parents or grandparents have been affected by mood disorders, it is even more important to watch for symptoms in yourself and get mood disorder treatment as soon as you see the symptoms surfacing. The sooner you get treatment, the sooner you can get on with living a happy, healthy life.
Mood Disorder Treatment
When mood disorder treatment is carried out at a reputable, effective treatment centre, motivated people can overcome many of their problems in 4-6 weeks.
At The Cabin Bangkok, we offer multiple types of mood disorder therapy to our clients, but Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) is typically the quickest and most effective method.
CBT is a type of psychotherapy that helps a person become aware of and change negative thoughts and thought patterns so that one may be able to view challenging situations more clearly therefore enabling the individual to respond in an appropriate and healthy manner.
When dealing with motivated clients who are willing to take part in 1-2 therapy sessions per week, we have found that in as little as 4-6 weeks our clients can address their concerns, overcome the problems they are facing, and gain skills they can use to prevent further mood disruption episodes.
Getting the Help you Need
Mental wellness is incredibly important to live a healthy and fulfilling life. Most people understand that physical health is important, but many do not realise that mental health is equally as important. For many decades, mental illness held a negative stigma, and many people were afraid to talk about what they were dealing with internally. But the importance of mental wellness is finally becoming something that people are willing to talk about, and it is important to ensure that your mental state is in the best condition it can be in.
Mood disorder treatment works best when done as early as possible, but is of course beneficial at any time. If you think that you or someone you know may be suffering from one of these disorders and could benefit from mood disorder treatment, be sure to give us a call and speak to one of our counsellors today.